Auschwitz concentration camp | Wikipedia audio article

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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auschwitz_concentration_camp


00:02:46 1 Background
00:04:48 2 Camps
00:04:56 2.1 Auschwitz I
00:05:04 2.1.1 Growth
00:07:37 2.1.2 Crematorium I, first gassing
00:09:09 2.1.3 History of the site
00:10:30 2.2 Auschwitz II-Birkenau
00:10:39 2.2.1 Construction and operation
00:12:45 2.2.2 Crematoria II–V
00:14:19 2.3 Auschwitz III-Monowitz
00:17:42 2.4 Other subcamps
00:18:51 3 Life in the camps
00:19:00 3.1 Command and control
00:22:05 3.2 iSonderkommando/i
00:23:11 3.3 Tattoos and triangles
00:24:29 3.4 Transports
00:25:38 3.5 Life for the inmates
00:30:45 3.6 Women's camp
00:32:25 3.7 Medical experiments, block 10
00:35:17 3.8 Block 11
00:36:56 3.9 Gypsy family camp
00:38:23 3.10 Theresienstadt family camp
00:39:50 4 Selection and extermination process
00:40:00 4.1 Gas chambers
00:46:02 4.2 Death toll
00:49:02 5 Resistance, escapes, liberation
00:49:12 5.1 Camp resistance, flow of information
00:53:56 5.2 Escapes, iAuschwitz Protocols/i
00:56:34 5.3 Bombing proposal
00:57:53 5.4 iSonderkommando/i revolt
00:59:03 5.5 Evacuation and death marches
01:01:42 5.6 Liberation
01:05:46 6 After the war
01:05:55 6.1 Trials of war criminals
01:08:11 6.2 Legacy
01:10:19 6.3 Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum
01:13:50 7 See also
01:13:59 8 Sources
01:14:08 8.1 Notes



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SUMMARY
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The Auschwitz concentration camp (Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was a complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II and the Holocaust. It consisted of Auschwitz I, the main camp (Stammlager) and administrative headquarters in Oświęcim; Auschwitz II–Birkenau, a combined concentration and extermination camp three kilometers away in Brzezinka; Auschwitz III–Monowitz, a labor camp created to staff an IG Farben synthetic-rubber factory; and dozens of other subcamps.After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, sparking World War II, the Germans converted Auschwitz I, a former army barracks, to hold Polish political prisoners. The first prisoners, German criminals brought to the camp as functionaries, arrived in May 1940, and the first gassing of prisoners took place in block 11 of Auschwitz I in September 1941. Auschwitz II–Birkenau went on to become a major site of the Nazis' Final Solution to the Jewish Question. From early 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews from all over German-occupied Europe to the camp's gas chambers. Of the estimated 1.3 million people sent to Auschwitz, at least 1.1 million died, around 90 percent of them Jews. Approximately one in six Jews killed in the Holocaust died at the camp. Others deported to Auschwitz included 150,000 non-Jewish Poles, 23,000 Roma, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war, 400 Jehovah's Witnesses, tens of thousands of others of diverse nationalities, and an unknown number of gay men. Many of those not killed in the gas chambers died because of starvation, forced labor, infectious diseases, individual executions, and medical experiments.
In the course of the war, the camp was staffed by 7,000 members of the German Schutzstaffel (SS), approximately 12 percent of whom were later convicted of war crimes; several, including camp commandant Rudolf Höss, were executed. The Allies did not act on early reports of atrocities at the camp, and their failure to bomb the camp or its railways remains controversial. At least 802 prisoners tried to escape from Auschwitz, 144 successfully, and on 7 October 1944 two Sonderkommando units, consisting of prisoners assigned to staff the gas chambers, launched a brief, unsuccessful uprising.
As Soviet troops approached Auschwitz in January 1945, most of its population was sent west on a death march. The remaining prisoners were liberated on 27 January 1945, a day co ...
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